This statement was launched by DIP on its website Gerçek (www.gercekgazetesi.net) one night before Turkey started the operation named “Peace Spring” in Northern Syria. Here we reproduce the English translation of the statement, immediately interpreted for the international audience.
Estimados compañeras y compañeros del FIT-U
Como comunistas revolucionarios tenemos por sentado presentarnos sistemáticamente a las elecciones, sin dejar de denunciar las ilusiones electoralistas, lo que nos permite aprobar completamente y estar en pleno acuerdo con vuestra decisión de participar a vuestras elecciones, conscientes del esfuerzo militante que esto requiere.
A pesar de no tener los elementos necesarios para juzgar la línea política de vuestra campaña ni el contenido de vuestras listas, compartimos ampliamente vuestro punto de vista sobre la crisis del capitalismo, así como también, vuestra denuncia contra la fuerte contraofensiva de la burguesía en contra las condiciones de vida de los trabajadores.
Reciban, compañeras y compañeros, nuestra solidaridad y nuestro apoyo.
Por Lutte Ouvrière:
Nathalie Arthaud, Arlette Laguiller, Armonia Bordes, Jacque Fontenoy
A. El verano del terror
April the cruelest month... Abril el mes más crue ... El famoso verso de TS Eliot del Wasteland podría parafrasear nuestros calurosos días de verano de 2019: Agosto, el mes más cruel... para el capitalismo mundial .
El 12 de agosto, fue el "Lunes Negro", como se llamó al colapso de la Bolsa de Buenos Aires, el peor de su historia, después de la derrota del presidente derechista Macri en las primarias elecciones(PASO).en Argentina, evento que provocará incendios en todo en todos los mercados bursátiles del mundo. Con Wall Street hundiéndose el 14 de agosto,Rana Foroohar escribió en FinancialTimes:
Αύγουστος 1971-Αύγουστος 2019:
Από το τέλος της Συμφωνίας του Bretton Woods στο χάος
του Σάββα Μιχαήλ
Α. Το Καλοκαίρι του Τρόμου
April the cruelest month.. Απρίλης , ο μήνας ο πιο σκληρός…Ο περίφημος στίχος του T. S. Eliot από τηνΈρημη Χώρα θα μπορούσε στις καυτές μέρες μας του καλοκαιριού του 2019 να παραφραστεί: Αύγουστος ο μήνας ο πιο σκληρός...για τον παγκόσμιο καπιταλισμό.
This is the English translation, in somewhat abbreviated form, of an article published in Turkish on the web site of DIP on 11 August 2019 (https://gercekgazetesi.net/gundemdekiler/firatin-dogusunda-nato-koridoru...). An even more emphatic article along the same lines was published on the web site of DIP several days ago (https://gercekgazetesi.net/gundemdekiler/dun-de-bugun-de-yarin-da-plan-a...).According to the latest news, the analysis in the article you are about to read to the effect that, despite all appearances to the contrary, the United States is, in fact, more than happy to let the Turkish army control the north of Syria, west and now east of the Euphrates, since this would mean NATO control of the region against the twin targets of the US, Iran and Syria. The concept “NATO corridor”, it should be noted, is the answer given by DIP to the supposed “Kurdish corridor” that the US is alleged to be building with a view to create a “greater Kurdistan” extending all the...
Desde el DIP (Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores de Turquía), estamos hablando desde un país que es casi un espejo exacto de la Argentina. Ustedes están saliendo del invierno yendo hacia la primavera, mientras que nosotros estamos dejando atrás el verano y avanzando hacia el invierno. Cuando ustedes están aún en cama nosotros despertamos, y vamos a la cama mientras ustedes aún están en medio de la tarde. Sin embargo, nuestros pueblos, la clase obrera, las grandes masas trabajadoras y los pobres, comparten exactamente la misma situación objetiva. El desempleo se dispara, la inflación los empobrece, los bajos salarios llevan a hambrunas, la represión policial golpea a los pobres y a los indigentes cuando levantan la voz, y la burocracia sindical se pone indefectiblemente del lado de la burguesía. En términos de crisis económica, camaradas, si dejamos de lado el caso tan especial de Venezuela, ustedes son el número uno del mundo, ¡pero nosotros los seguimos de cerca!
On the 27th October 2019, general elections, including a presidential vote, will be held in Argentina, a key country of Latin America, rocked by the deepest economic crisis in the capitalist world at this moment and an ascendancy of workers’ struggles, be it the piquetero movement of the unemployed, the resistance of workers of factories that are closing down, the state workers of Chubut in Patagonia and still others. The major candidates for president are Mauricio Macri, the incumbent president, and Alberto Fernández, joint candidate of various Peronist tendencies with the definitive stamp of Cristina Fernández Kirchner, twice president between 2007-2015 and considered to be the nationalist left-wing of the Peronist movement. The result of the presidential election is almost certain: The primary elections (so-called PASO) of 11th August have clearly given a quasi insurmountable lead to Alberto Fernández.
We publish this Notebook based on an analysis by E. Ahmet Tonak, which was first published in www.thetricontinental.org:
In Notebook 2 from Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research, we sketch out the outlines of the contemporary production process that results in Apple’s iPhone. We move from a look at the iPhone’s production to the inner workings of profit and exploitation. We are interested not only in Apple and the iPhone, but more particularly in the Marxist analysis of the rate of exploitation at play in the production of such sophisticated electronic devices. It is necessary, we believe, to learn how to measure the rate of exploitation so that we know precisely how much workers deliver into the total social wealth produced each year.
The great poet of the dawn of the bourgeois age, William Shakepeare, in what is probably his most renowned play, Hamlet, has one of his charaters say, “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark”, words that have become engraved, like many a Shakespearean line, in the common memory of humanity. Had Mahmoud Darwish, the great poet of the Palestinian revolt, not passed away in 2008, he would possibly have written a verse today, in allusion to that of Shakespeare, depicting out times: “Something is bleeding and seething in the Arab world”.
We wrote on behalf of the thousands of medical professionals in Bulgaria who have been "on the street" for 7 months now, protesting, resigning, striking and blocking roads in opposition to unhealthy working conditions and inadequate healthcare pay. Due to the chronic shortage of personnel in the sector, we have to work under difficult conditions, for which we receive a basic salary of less than 250 Euro per month. Therefore many of us are forced to work in two or more places in order to survive. There is a huge lack of staff in the system (about 30,000 short) due to workers who have left the country and their places are currently occupied by pensioners (over 70 years old) or carers (students or people without medical education). We work for 0.12 euro cents an hour night work rate, overtime is almost never paid, there are no mandatory medical standards (one nurse cares for between 30-40 patients in one clinic), which physically does not allow us to take good care of the patients. In kindergartens and schools, one nurse is responsible for 800-1200 children.
11 Ağustos’ta gerçekleşen ön seçimler (PASO) Arjantin’de neredeyse eşi görülmemiş bir durum yarattı. Derin bir ekonomik krizin bir yıldan fazla süredir yıkıcı bir hal izlediği ülkede, iktidardaki Macri hükümeti krizin yükünü emekçi kitlelerin omuzuna yüklemek ve böylelikle burjuvaziye verdiği sözleri yerine getirmek için İMF ile olan iş birliğini devam ettirmek adına ikinci bir dönem daha iktidarda olmak istiyordu. En büyük rakibi tarihi Peronist hareketin Kirchnerci kanadıydı. Macri'nin 2015 yılında iktidarı devralmasına kadar iki kez cumhurbaşkanı olan Cristina Fernández Kirchner, sözüm ona sol yönelimi nedeniyle uluslararası burjuvazinin günah keçisi idi. Günün somut koşullarını değerlendiren bu burjuva siyasetçisi, kendisine ortak aday olarak uluslararası finans kapitalin adamı olan Alberto Fernández’i (sadece isim benzerliği, mevcut iki aday arasında akrabalık yok) seçti. Kirchner’in Frente de Todos’u (Herkesin Cephesi) Macri’nin Cambiemos’unun (Değişelim) ana rakibi oldu.
Las PASO del 11 de agosto han creado una situación casi sin precedentes en Argentina. En un país donde una profunda crisis económica ha causado estragos durante más de un año, el gobierno de Macri buscaba un segundo mandato con el propósito de continuar su colaboración con el FMI para poner toda la carga de la crisis en los hombros de las masas trabajadoras, cumpliendo así sus promesas al capital financiero internacional y a la burguesía doméstica. Su principal competidor era el ala kirchnerista del histórico movimiento peronista. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, dos veces presidenta hasta que Macri asumió en 2015, fue un chivo expiatorio de la burguesía internacional, por su supuesta orientación de izquierda. Calculando para las circunstancias concretas del día, esta política burguesa escogió a un lacayo del capital financiero internacional, Alberto Fernández, un homónimo pero sin relación, como su compañero de fórmula. Su “Frente de Todos” se convirtió así en el principal contendiente al Cambiemos de Macri.
El sistema político-administrativo turco está históricamente moldeado según el sistema francés clásico (es decir, pre-UE) de centralismo unitario, de modo que los gobernadores de las 81 provincias de Turquía (la contraparte de los departamentos en Francia) son simplemente funcionarios del estado central, cuyas carreras pueden también incluir, y a menudo lo hacen, el puesto de jefe de policía, o los puestos de gobernante y superintendente de policía, ambos vinculados al ministerio del interior. Así, la nueva configuración implica que la administración de las tres ciudades de Diyarbakır, Van y Mardin será ejercida por la administración central, prácticamente aboliendo, para estas tres provincias principales, el así llamado sistema municipal o sistema de gobierno local, que ha sido un pilar histórico de la burguesía turca. De hecho, para encontrar una situación en la cual los cargos de gobernador provincial y de alcalde fueran ocupadas por una misma persona designada centralmente, ¡hay que remontarse al periodo anterior a 1960!
On September 1, which is the anniversary of the attack started by Nazi Germany on Poland in 1939, the head of American imperialism Donald Trump was meant to be visiting Poland to join the official commemoration. The Anti-fascist Students Committee called for a protest on the exact day he was scheduled to visit the country against the invitation of Trump and Poland’s right wing government’s collaboration with US imperialism. The collaboration between Poland and imperialist USA is advancing, especially against Russia. Before this, in June Trump had announced that US imperialism would be sending 1,000 more troops in addition to the 5,000 already in existence in Poland, to strengthen the encirclement of Russia. The protest was also against the war policies of imperialism in Venezuela and the Middle East.
Trump cancelled his visit to Poland at the last minute because of the occurrence of Hurricane Dorian. However, the official event took place gathering several imperialists, including U.S. Vice President Mike Pence filling in for Trump.
The text below is a statement that puts forth the position of DIP with respect to the dismissal, by administrative fiat, of three metropolitan mayors of Turkish Kurdistan by the Minister of the Interior and their replacement by the governors of the provinces in question as administrators. It was published (in Turkish) on 19th August, immediately after the government made public its decision. The Turkish political-administrative system has historically been modelled after the classsical (i.e. pre-EU) French centralist unitary system, so that the governors of the 81 provinces of Turkey (the counterpart of the départements in France) are simply civil servants of the central state, whose career can and often does also include the post of police chief, the posts of governor and police superintendent both being tied to the ministry of the interior. Thus, the new setup implies the administration of the three cities of Diyarbakır, Van and Mardin by the central administration, practically abolishing, for these three major provinces, the municipal system or the system of local government, which has been a mainstay of the Turkish bourgeois state in living memory. Indeed, one has to go...
The primary elections (the PASO) of 11 August have created an almost unprecedented situation in Argentina. In a country that a profound economic crisis has been ravaging for more than a year now, the Macri government in power was searching for a second term with the purpose of continuing its collaboration with the IMF in order to lay the entire burden of the crisis on the shoulders of the working masses, thereby fulfilling its promises to international financial capital and the domestic bourgeoisie. Its main contestant was the Kirchnerist wing of the historic Peronist movement. Cristina Fernández Kirchner, twice president until Macri took over in 2015, was a scapegoat of the international bourgeoisie, supposedly because of her left-wing orientation. Calculating for the concrete circumstances of the day, this bourgeois politician handpicked a lackey of international financial capital, Alberto Fernández, a namesake but no relation, as her running mate. Her Frente de Todos (Front for All) thus became the main contender to the Cambiemos (Let Us Change) of Macri.
Two weeks ago the outbreak of youth of Ethiopian origin in Israel was felt in the streets of several cities, including Kirya Haim, the northern city where an Israeli policeman killed Salomon Teka, a young man of 18 years of Ethiopian origin, with a bullet in the back at the night of June 30th.
The demonstrations took place violently in several parts of Israel, but a week of demonstrations continued in 14 places, including Tel Aviv, Ashkelon, Beersheva and Jerusalem, where thousands of demonstrators of non-Ethiopian origin also expressed their solidarity with the members of the Jewish black community. As we wrote in Prensa Obrera (paper of the Partido Obrero of Argentina) in May 2015 on the occasion of a similar uprising because of the police beating of a young Ethiopian soldier at that time, the revolt shows the class character of the most exploited and segregated Jewish community within the Jewish state.
Impulsado por sus anteriores victorias aplastantes en las elecciones europeas y locales del 26 de mayo de 2019, el ala derecha Nueva Democracia (ND) también ganó las elecciones parlamentarias en Grecia el 7 de julio, obteniendo un 39,85% de los votos y la mayoría absoluta de los diputados para poder formar su propio gobierno.
Pero esta última victoria electoral no fue ni «histórica», como afirma la propaganda de la derecha, ni una «derrota estratégica» del reformista Syriza, como parte de la clase dominante y la reacción de ND esperaban y pusieron como objetivo. El liderazgo de la ND, y en particular su nuevo ministro fascista de Agricultura Makis Voridis (un conocido antisemita, ex líder de la «juventud» del dictador Papadopoulos, líder de un pequeño grupo de extrema derecha de Le Penist antes de unirse a ND) había declarado públicamente el objetivo de aplastar por completo no solo a Syriza sino a «cualquier perspectiva futura de un regreso de la izquierda, en cualquier forma, en Grecia para volver a capturar el poder».
After a sit-in that lasted close to two months (from 6 April to 3 June), which brought down the 30-year rule of the hated dictator Omar al-Bashir on 11 April, after the massacre of more than a hundred people on 3 June by the Rapid Support Forces (the militia formed by the fallen dictator, which had played a sinister role in the events in Darfour under the name of Janjaweed), after the revolution raised its head once again, with hundreds of thousands, even millions coming out on 30 June, the ruling Transitional Military Council and the opposition Forces for Freedom and Change (formerly Alliance for Freedom and Change) declared on 5 July that they have finally come to an agreement. The previous negotiations, before they were interrupted by the massacre of 3 June, had led to the shared resolution of forming a so-called Sovereign Council that would appoint the government and oversee the transition to a civilian democratic rule, but had faltered over the question of which side would have a majority on the said council. The two sides have now come to an agreement that is based on five seats for each side plus one member being appointed by consensus.
Driven forward by its previous landslide victories in the European and local elections of May 26, 2019, the right wing New Democracy (ND) won also the snap parliamentary elections in Greece on July 7, getting a 39.85 per cent of the vote and the absolute majority of deputies to be able to form its own government.
But this last electoral victory was not neither “historic”, as the right wing propaganda claims nor a “strategic defeat” of the reformist Syriza, as a section of the ruling class and ND reaction hoped and put as a target. The leadership of the ND, and particularly its fascistoid new Minister of Agriculture Makis Voridis (a well known anti-Semite, former leader of the “youth “ of dictator Papadopoulos, leader of a small Le Penist far right group before joining ND) had publicly declared the aim was to smash completely not just Syriza but “any perspective in the future for a coming back of the Left, in any form, in Greece to re-capture power”.
A month has gone by since the European elections. In this while RedMed brought light and insight for its readers on the national results of 11 countries in 8 articles. Of the six largest countries, five were covered: Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Poland. Two more central and eastern European countries were taken up in addition to Poland, Hungary and Romania. The three Nordic countries members of the European Union (EU), i.e. Sweden, Denmark, and Finland were taken up together. And finally, Greece, the enfant terrible of the EU, was given special attention, through a party document of our sister organiser of RedMed, the EEK.
Le elezioni europee, svoltesi nel pieno della crisi capitalista, hanno portato sia diversi commentatori borghesi che molti compagni a lanciare un grido di allarme per l’avanzata del fascismo in Italia sorretto da un’ondata sovranista a livello continentale. Riteniamo che tali analisi manchino di un reale approfondimento sui rapporti tra il capitalismo italiano e quello europeo, sui possibili risvolti in merito ai rapporti di forza, tra le classi e all’interno delle classi, causati della non risolvibile crisi del debito pubblico italiano, sulla risposta appunto di classe, e non genericamente “di sinistra” o “progressista”, da mettere in campo contro i duri colpi di coda che un capitalismo decadente è in grado di assestare.
Solo ha transcurrido un año en la presidencia de Erdoğan, elegido el 24 de junio de 2018, pero el pueblo de Estambul ya les ha dado la espalda a él y a sus aliados. La gente castigó al AKP y sus aliados por la decisión ilegítima del Consejo Supremo Electoral de revocar y repetir las elecciones locales en Estambul. En esta elección que se repite bajo las condiciones prevalecientes de una de las crisis económicas más duras en Turquía, junto con las graves crisis políticas, el partido gobernante que codiciaba el pan y los votos de la gente perdió. A pesar de los gritos de “fraude electoral” por parte de la coalición AKP-MHP, el margen de votación aumentó aún más y el candidato del CHP-IYI, Ekrem Imamoglu, ahora es declarado alcalde de Estambul. ¡El margen inicial de 20 mil aumentó 40 veces hasta 800 mil votos!
It has only been a year in Erdoğan’s presidency, elected on 24 June 2018, but the people of Istanbul have already turned their backs on him and his allies. The people have punished AKP and their allies for the Supreme Electoral Council’s illegitimate decision to repeal and rerun Istanbul’s local elections. In this election repeated under the prevailing conditions of one of the harshest economic crises in Turkey, coupled with serious political crises, the ruling party that coveted people’s bread and votes lost. Despite cries of “voting fraud” by the AKP-MHP coalition, the vote margin increased even more and CHP-IYI candidate Ekrem Imamoglu is now declared the mayor of Istanbul. The initial margin of 20 thousand increased 40-fold to 800 thousand votes!
A conference on the historical legacy of Lev Davidovitch Trotsky took place in the capital of Cuba, Havana, in May. The Juan Marinello Cultural Research Centre, the Franz Hinkelammert Critical Social Thought Desk and the Philosophy Department of University of Havana organised this event. In addition to Cubans, many participants from Latin America, North America as well as Europe and Asia were present. The historical importance of this conference lay in the fact that this was the first event taking place in this land of revolution, after the construction of a workers’ state in Cuba and 60 years after the revolution. This call made to revolutionary Marxists of the entire world, at a moment where the conquests of the Cuban revolution as well as the very existence of the workers’ state is under the threat of imperialist aggression and bureaucratic oscillations, this international conference was of extraordinary importance from the standpoint of the struggle against capitalist restoration.
USA, on the 4th of June, announced that new sanctions will be imposed on Cuba. It was -classified under particular headings- possible to travel from the US to Cuba en masse. It was announced that, all group tours and cruise ships are now banned. What is the reason? Cuba's spoiling of stability, undermining the rule of law and suppressing democratic processes in support of enemies of the US in countries like Venezuela and Nicaragua. What they call the law of rule and democratic process is the self-proclaim of the US puppet Guaidó as president against Maduro who was elected by the people! The US support for democratic processes are to try to overthrow Maduro with a coup attempt and to hurl imperialist war threats on Venezuela!
We continue our series on the European Elections of 2019 with an article on Germany written by Kurtar Tanyılmaz after eight articles about the results in Hungary, Romania, Greece, Italy, France, Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark and Finland, Poland and Spain.
When compared to previous elections, the recent European Parliament (EP) elections, which have been held in the 28 European Union (EU) member countries between the dates May 23rd -26th, had a remarkably high voter turnout rate (51%), out of a total electorate of 400 million voters. Influence of the pre-election call for “no vote for the nationationalist and racist parties” on the voters seems to have played an important role in boosting that high turnout. However, it neither helped the center-right (conservative Christian democratic parties mostly) and center–left (traditional social democratic parties) recover from their long-lasting decline nor impeded the rise of liberal, green, and racist-national parties.
After seven articles on the results of the European elections in Hungary, Romania, Greece, Italy, and France, the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, and Finland) and Poland we continue our series with an article in Spanish by our comrades of the Grupo de Independencia Obrera (GIO-Group for Workers' Independence) of the Spanish state.
En España, los trabajadores han asistido a un largo encadenamiento de procesos electorales que tuvieron su origen en el exitoso voto de censura encabezado por el dirigente socialista Pedro Sánchez y su partido contra el presidente del gobierno Mariano Rajoy del Partido Popular en 2018. La caída de Rajoy fue el resultado de la incapacidad por dar una salida política a la crisis de Cataluña de un lado y la profunda corrupción del partido de gobierno ventilada todos los días en los juzgados. El que sigue es un balance del periodo electoral detonado por esa situación hasta la última convocatoria electoral del pasado mes de mayo.
After six articles on the results of the European elections in Hungary, Romania, Greece, Italy, and France and the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, and Finland) we continue our series with an article on Poland by our friend Ewa Grosewska.
The European elections in Poland were running in the context of not much substantive fight between the ruling party Law and Justice ( Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS)) and the opposition – Citizens’ Platform ( Platforma Obywatelska (PO)).
After five articles on the results of the European elections in Hungary, Romania, Greece, Italy, and France, we continue our series on the elections with an article on the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, and Finland) by one of our associates in Finland, Muzaffer Ege Alper, working in collaboration with our comrades of the MTL (Marxist Workers' League) in that country.
Upon the announcement of the latest EU parliamentary election results, mainstream media all over Europe declared the victory of common sense against “populism”. The much-feared rise of nationalism did not occur, at least not enough to panic! Furthermore, voter turnout increased significantly for the first time in a long while. Does that not signify the increasing approval of EU! Yet is this also not the first time that the neoliberal “European People's Party (Christian Democrats) ” (EPP) and “Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats” (S&D) groups failed to obtain a majority in the EU parliament? Let us leave the EU-wide analysis to the other articles at RedMed and focus on the northern nations: Denmark, Sweden, and Finland.
After a general survey and four articles on the elections to the European Parliament in Hungary, Romania, Greece and Italy we continue our series with France with an article in French by our comrade Guy Hesser from ROR (Renaissance Ouvrière Révolutionnaire). Inquiets, les représentants des parti bourgeois et leur presse ont commencé par saluer un bond de participation de nature à re-légitimer les institutions européennes. Cependant, la divine surprise ne résiste pas aux statistiques données par le ministère de l’Intérieur. Sur 47 344 860 inscrits les votants n’ont été que 50,12 % et les abstentionnistes 49,88 %, à quoi il faut ajouter les votes blancs et nuls, plus tous ceux qui ne sont même plus inscrits sur les listes électorales, en particulier dans les quartiers populaires, tant ils constatent l’inutilité d’élections qui ne changent rien à leur vie (quand l’électorat n’est pas purement spolié du résultat des élections comme ce fut le cas lors de la consultation sur le prétendu traité constitutionnel en 2005). L’électorat populaire, dans toutes ses composantes, le monde du travail, est donc largement resté à l’écart des européennes.
After three articles on the results of the European Elections in Hungary, Romania and Greece, we continue our series on the elections with Italy, with an article by our comrade Burak Sayım from ROR (Renaissance Ouvrière Révolutionnaire) of France.
The meteoric rise of the Lega
After a general survey and two country studies on Hungary and Romania, we continue with an article by the Central Comitte of EEK (Workers Revolutionary Party) of Greece.
1. The political Waterloo of Syriza gave the electoral victory to the right-wing “|New Democracy”. The people did not forget the miserable Tsipras’ capitulation in front of the Troika in 2015, the savage “austerity” measures of the third and worst “Memorandum of Understanding” which followed, his servile attachment to the chariot of EU and NATO, even to the war drive adventures of Trump’s America in the Middle East, Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans.
The head of the European parliamentary group of Syriza Papadimoulis from Brussels or any other apologists of Syriza dare now to attack the Greek people saying that “they forgot what is the Right”. Who, though, forgot the people itself? Who are guilty for the defamation of the name, the history, and the sacrifices of the Left in Greece?
After a general survey by Sungur Savran and an article on Hungary by our friend Matyas Benyik, we continue our series on the elections to the European Parliament with Romania, with an article by Ana Bazac.
We will be publishing articles on the results of the elections to the European Parliament of 2019 written by our comrades and friends from the different countries. After a general overview by our comrade Sungur Savran, we are beginning the country surveys with Hungary, with an article by our friend Matyas Benyik.
Foi um último período de carência. As eleições para o Parlamento Europeu deram uma última chance ao movimento organizado da classe trabalhadora e à esquerda da Europa antes da tempestade. O movimento proto-fascista, que o mundo inteiro chama persistente e cegamente de “populista”, alcançou grande sucesso nessas eleições, mas mesmo assim esse não foi o tipo de vitória que criará estragos imediatamente. Além disso, o movimento se apresentou em duas chapas diferentes para o Parlamento Europeu, dividido. Assim, a curto prazo, no rescaldo da eleição, seria incorreto dizer que o proto-fascismo criará um perigo imediato para as pessoas na Europa como um todo. Em alguns países, individualmente, a questão pode surgir. Desenvolvimentos podem acontecer em alguns dos países maiores (começando pela Itália, França e Grã-Bretanha, em cada um dos quais os partidos proto-fascistas atingiram o primeiro lugar eleitoral), com o movimento proto-fascista se tornando um elemento importante no dia a dia do país (na Itália isso já tinha começado desde que a Lega de Salvini se juntou a um esquema de compartilhamento de poder e se tornou um partido no poder). Assim, a curto prazo, o perigo está distante...
One last grace period. The elections to the European Parliament have provided one last chance to the organised working class movement of Europe and the left before the storm. The proto-fascist movement, which the whole world persistently and blindly names “populist”, attained great success in these elections, but nonetheless this was not the kind of victory that will create havoc immediately tomorrow. Moreover, the movement ran on two different slates for the European Parliament. It is, in other words, divided. Hence, in the short term, in the aftermath of the election, it would be incorrect to say that proto-fascism will create an immediate danger for the people on the scale of Europe as a whole. In certain countries taken singly the question may arise. Striking develoments may unfold in some of the bigger countries (starting with Italy, France, and Britain, in each of which the proto-fascist parties came first), with the proto-fascist movement becoming an important element in the day to day life of the country (in Italy this had already commenced since the Lega of Salvini joined a power-sharing scheme and became a ruling party). So in the short term the danger is distant for...
A Europa está se transformando rapidamente num campo de batalha crucial de uma guerra de classes internacional. A persistente luta, de seis meses de duração, dos Gillets Jaunes na França, a revolta dos trabalhadores na Hungria contra a "lei da escravidão" introduzida pelo regime nacionalista de Orban, as revoltas em massa e manifestações na Sérvia, Albânia, Romênia e em todo os Balcãs, são o prelúdio de uma nova onda de confrontos sociais e convulsões políticas no continente europeu.
A força motriz para o novo recrudescimento da luta das massas na Europa e além, como demonstram os levantes revolucionários na Argélia, no Sudão, no Haiti, etc., é a crise capitalista global. Ele permanece não apenas insolúvel, mais de uma década depois de sua erupção, mas também está entrando em uma nova fase explosiva. Todas as medidas extraordinárias usadas no período recente (pacotes de estímulo, flexibilização quantitativa, etc.) estão esgotadas e até mesmo produziram bolhas especulativas mais gigantescas do que aquelas que estouraram em 2007-2008, mergulhando a economia mundial em uma terceira grande depressão. Até mesmo o FMI adverte que a economia mundial está enfrentando, em 2019-...
1. Europe is being transformed rapidly into a crucial battlefield of an international class warfare.
The persistent, six months long, struggle of the Gillets Jaunes in France, the workers revolt in Hungary against the “slavery law” introduced by the far right nationalist Orban’s regime, the mass unrest and demonstrations in Serbia, Albania, Romania, and all over the Balkans, are the prelude to a new tide of social confrontations and political upheavals in the European Continent.
On Saturday May 4, 2019, in the Hall of the Union of Journalists (ESIEA) in Athens, Greece, the Balkan Socialist Center “Christian Rakovsky” and the RedMed web network organized a one day Emergency Encounter on Europe, on the eve of the crucial European Elections of May 23-26, 2019.
The Encounter was opened by the Introductory Remarks presented by Comrade Naz (DIP, Turkey) about the character and need of the Encounter. Comrade Naz also presented a Report on the situation in Turkey after the humiliating defeat of Erdogan in the local government elections of March 2019.